Helfer, is a sericigenous insect secreting a golden yellow coloured lustrous silk. Select high and shady land free from water logging. His accomplishments include: The conservation of 12 landraces of host plants for the golden silk producing Muga silkworm. Besides this primary and secondary food plants have many multipurpose uses other than for silk. 3.27(ii)]. The quality of leaf has got a direct influence on the health, growth and survival of silkworm. Remove weeds from the nursery beds at regular intervals for healthy growth of seedlings. Silkworm Seed (Egg- Polu koni) is the backbone of silk industry. of Assam. Timely supply of superior quality of silkworm seed can alone sustain sericulture as a commercial crop in competition with other cash crops. 10% BHC powder in each bed and mix with the soil properly. Pollarding is generally done in the month of September-October. for muga silkworm. Spraying of copper Oxychloride (Fytolan or Blitox – 50) @ 3 gm/litre of water thrice at weekly interval. Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. It can also be reared on host plants similar to that of tasar worms. Castor (Ricinus communis L) and Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans Roxb.) Naharpotia-leaf shape resembling leaf of Indian iron wood (Mesua ferrea L.), Belpotia- predation of silkworm and muga host plant by insect pests that damages crop significantly. Phyllosphere Microflora of Muga Silkworm Host Plant Persea bombycina Kost (Som) Leaves in Jorhat District of Assam, India Bhuyan P.M., Sandilya S.P. To prevent grazing animals, fencing around the seedlings or around the garden is necessary. Timely supply of superior quality of silkworm seed can alone sustain sericulture as a commercial crop in competition with other cash crops. Muga silk, which is mainly produced by the Garo community of Assam, is obtained from semi-domesticated multivoltine silkworm, Antheraea Assamensis. Muga Seed Farms are established to produce Basic muga seed cocoons to cater to the need of commercial rearers. Biological control is one such alternative which supplements the use of chemical fertilizer, prevents the plant diseases, and promotes the health of the plants. Seed bed preparation. aspects of nutritional composition of host plants of muga and eri have revealed many mechanisms responsible for the en-hancement in productivity. We are interested in understanding how Muga silkworm respond to pathogens, but also how other factors (other pathogens, different host plant, etc.) Spraying of 0.05% Phosphomidon and mechanically collecting and killing of caterpillars and eggs. host plants (Choudhury, 1982, 2005; Thangavelu et al., 1988; Barah et al., 1992; Singha & Das, 1999; Chakravorty, 2004; Saikia et al., 2004; Bindroo et al., 2009) among which Som, Persea bombycina Kost. Eri Seed Grainage (ESG) Borduar, Topatoli- Kamrup, Jamuguri- Sonitpur, Deomornoi- Darrang, Barbaha- Nagaon (Hojai), Oujari- Morigaon, Demow- Sivasagar, Rangagarah- Golaghat (Bokakhat), North Lakhimpur- Lakhimpur, Jonai- Dhemaji (Jonai), Rangsali- Dibrugarh, Tingrai, - Tinsukia , Lakhimipathar- Tinsukia (Sadiya), Dharmikhal, Harinagar- Cachar,  Adarkona- Karimganj, Dhenubhanga Goalpara, Kokrajhar-Kokrajhar, Goreswar, Jalah- Baksa, Bhergaon- Udalguri (Bhergaon), Dengaon, Dillaji, Umsoi- Karbi Anglong, Khejurband, Haflong-  Dima Hasao are established which produce Disease free layings to cater to the need of eri rearers. Being exposed to natural environment Muga culture practice encounter lots of problems right from brushing of worms to spinning of cocoons. Although mulberry dominates silk variety in the global silk market, other non-mulberry silks also have importance in the domestic market. The silk produced is known for its glossy, fine texture and durability. Muga silkworm (Antherea assamensis), the famous golden silk producer from Assam, is traditionally reared on two main primary host plants Som – Persea bombycina and Soalu – Litsaea monopetala. Maintain a gap of 30 cm between two seed beds for cultural operation as well as for drainage. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Life history: The moth is multivoltine the entire life cycle lasts for about 50 days in summer and 120 days in winter. Central Muga Eri Research and Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam. Designed & Developed byNational Informatics Centre (NIC), Nodal DepartmentSecretariat Administration Department,Govt. The larvae of the pest feed on leaves voraciously. Host plants of muga silkworm Muga silk is produced by the silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer. Select high land free from water logging and plough the land properly. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Healthy egg production is indeed the primary requisite for conducive growth of the entire silk industry. Circular or irregular brown spots surrounded by yellow margin appear on both surface of the young leaf as well as mature leaf. About 10,000 muga cocoons can generate about 2kg of raw silk, producing 21 sq. Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som Kost. Persea bombycina Kost is the primary host plant of golden silk producing muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis. Basic Muga Seed Farm Khanapara, in Kamrup, Govt. Damage of developing buds in terminal branches. Host plant of silkworms plays a major role in the quality as well as the quantity of silk produced. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) Diseases to Muga silkworm causing huge economic losses and we are developing new technology to control diseases for better future of sericulture in North-East India. 150 days in winter. Funding agency: CSB, Bangalore. Timely supply of superior quality of silkworm seed can alone sustain sericulture as a commercial crop in competition with other cash crops. This option provides the details of the sub organisations and links to their respective websites. The present paper deals with the cultivation practices for Muga silkworms, prospects, constraints and strategies for cultivation of Muga silkworms in the district of Bageshwar. A muga farmer requires at least an acre of land to cultivate about 450 muga host plants. Hook (Laurales: Lauraceae), Litsea polhantha Jussieu, L. salicifolia Roxburgh ex. Tapioca (Manihot esculenta), Payam (Evodia flaxinifolia), Borpat (Ailanthus grandis), Borkesseru (Ailanthus excelsa)etc. Application of optimum dose of Potassium fertilizers. Muga silk worm is multivoltine and 5-6 crops are raised in a year out of which two commercial crops (Jethua: May- June and katia: October- November), two pre-seed crops (Jarua: December- January and Aherua: June- July) and two seed crops (Chotua: February- March and Bhodia: July- August. Silk production is directly dependent on leaves consumption. These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability. author(s) Pooja Kala, Bijeta and DP Paliwal. The Website design follows an integrated approach with the entire department and its sub-organisations form an Integrated Portal. Host plants: The muga worm feeds on aromatic leaves of Som [Fig. Urease hydrolyzes urea to ammonia and is important for the nitrogen metabolism of silkworms because ammonia is assimilated into silk protein. Make seed beds of 5m x 1m in size with 10-15 cm high. and Gogoi D.K. Oct., 2017-Sept., 2020. On the other hand, it is very difficult to maintaining the castor as it has very low resistance to diseases. 3.27(i)] and Soalu [Fig. Food plants of Muga silkworm. The host plants are cultivated through propagation by seeds or vegetatively by air layering. Earlier several authors have reported that insect pest infesting a particular crop differs from place to place. Apply 50 kg compost and 200g. Muga silkworm is a holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult. and few other food plants, likewise Digloti (Litsaea salicifolia Hook), Mejankari … Seeds of selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings. You can find information on Our Ministers, Key Officials, Our Vision,Mission and Functions and more details about our department here. Being exposed to natural environment Muga … Sow maximum 8000 seeds per bed at a depth of 1 cm and 15 cm apart between the two seeds for proper germination. is the primary host plant of muga silkworm that belongs to the family Lauraceae is a perennial tree with grey … Eri silk is also known … of Assam, Assam Government Marketing Corporation Ltd, Assam Apex Weavers and Artisans Cooperative Federation Ltd, Material of Exhibition & Publicity ARTFED. Spraying of insecticide like Dimecron 0.03% at interval of 15 days and burning the infested leaves and parts of the plant. The caterpillars make bores into the main trunk and feed on the tissue of the trunk and size of the holes between 0.50-2.00 cm. Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea polyantha Juss) are the two primary food plants of muga silkworm. As the disease advance the brownish coloured lesions/streaks appear on the twigs also. This has affected the ecosystem stability. This new integrated LFT may help in adopting indoor rearing of naturally wild Muga silkworm for more production of Muga silk yean. Sericulture is the art and science of cultivation of silkworm host plants and rearing of silkworms for the production of Silk. Foliar spray of 0.10% Bavistin twice in 15 days interval. Seeds are usually propagated by fallen excreta of birds with undigested seed scattered over a wide area. Forecasting and forewarning for pest and diseases of muga host plants and silkworm (CSB) Dr. M. Chutia. Silk production is directly dependent on leaves consumption. Factors like natural golden colour of the silk, availability of abundant host plants and skill ness on rearing, reeling and weaving make muga culture a unique profession for the people of Assam. Both Government and private sector grainages are involved in this activity. Select well drained high land in a shady place. Propagation of the host plants and their management: The host plants of muga silkworms are available in nature. Important diseases, insects and pests of Banana and their management . Spray 0.03% Dimecron and burning the infested leaves. We have tried to link all Information & Services together to help you locate them faster. Thus this species is phylogenetically less adaptive reaching its ecological isolation that is indicative of being on verse of extinction. Only cultural specificity is being managed and took care by Muga rearers. All Information found within krishi sewa website is without, Package and Practices for cultivation of perennial Muga silkworm host plant Som (Persea bombycina) Kost, अमरूद में अच्छे एवं गुणवत्तायुक्त फल के लिये बहार नियंत्रण. Dr. D.K. var path = 'hr' + 'ef' + '='; Mechanical control like plucking and burning of infested leaves. Muga culture in North Eastern India is practiced all the year where seasons and rearing conditions vary. PPF-5893: Impact assessment of petroleum crude oil on muga silkworm and their host plants in Assam . Standardised Website Framework of Govt. Seeds from selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings. The plants are propagated in two ways (i) Sexual method and (ii) Asexual method. Jethua and Kotia are the only crops used for commercial production while the rest of the crops are meant only for obtaining seeds for supplying and continuing rearing in favorable seasons. This moth is semi-domesticated and can be raised outdoor. Nees and L. citrata Blume, and the chemical basis of feeding preference were investigated. Yellow green, orange or grey colour hairy pustules appear on the upper surface of the leaves and the affected branches become stunted and bear chlorotic leaves. The food plants have wide distribution throughout the North-eastern India and in some parts of Northern India. Remove the weeds time to time from the polythene bags for proper growth. The Primary Host plant of Muga silkworm is Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsea polyantha). Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea polyantha Juss) are the two primary food plants of muga silkworm. Although Muga silkworm since time immemorable has been reared for Muga silk still it is purely an outdoor culture in host plant under natural conditions. Timely pruning and destruction of the plant debris checks the secondary infection. In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Strategies for Maintenance of Non-Mulberry Silkworm and Host Plant Germplasm Held at Central Muga Eri Research & Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam, India on … Collect mature and ripe seeds from the Som plants during the month of April-May. Cultivation practices of perennial eri silkworm host plant Kesseru in Ericulture, Package and practices for cultivation of Eri silkworm host plant Castor in Ericulture, Disease and pests management of muga silkworm food plants for improvement of muga silk productivity, Cultivation of Ratanyot (JATROPHA CURCUS), Conserving Fodder in the form of Silage and Hay, Fodder Production and Livestock Feeding Management in Eastern India, उत्‍तर भारत में खरीफ मौसम में प्‍याज की खेती, Herbal Kisan - Mobile app for Medicinal and Aromatic crops, ग्रामोफोन मोबाइल एप : किसानों का साथी भी और सलाहकार भी, पढ़े-लिखे युवाओं में खेती के प्रति बढ़ता रुझान, Handheld crop sensor Optimize Fertilizer Use; Monitor Crop Health, लाभकारी खेती के लि‍ए राष्ट्रीय कृषि बीमा योजना. var addy_text0e34c9349ef9d66c9d39f6719e430023 = 'rajibsingh25' + '@' + 'gmail' + '.' + 'com';document.getElementById('cloak0e34c9349ef9d66c9d39f6719e430023').innerHTML += ''+addy_text0e34c9349ef9d66c9d39f6719e430023+'<\/a>'; उद् घोषणा | गोपनीयता नीति | हमसे संपर्क करें | कृषि‍सेवा के बारे में | साईट मैप  | लेख भेजें | कॉपीराइट. The lipid and fatty acid composition of the leaves (tender, medium and mature) of muga host plants, Machilus bombycina, Litsaea monopetala (primary food plants) and L. cubeba and L. salicifolia (family: Lauraceae) (secondary food plants) was investigated by standard procedures, gas chromatography after saponification and esterification. Seed to prevent fungal infestation. These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability. Silkworms do not synthesize urease and acquire it from mulberry leaves. The Primary Host plant of Muga silkworm is Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsea polyantha). 3.27(i)] and Soalu [Fig. Availability of naturally grown host plants of golden Muga silkworms in Uttarakhand and their utilization under Muga silk production. To Evaluate the food plants qualities of eri silkworm. ,  This email address is being protected from spambots. Muga culture in North Eastern India is practiced all the year where seasons and rearing conditions vary. It was imported to Thailand in 1974. Raising of Host plant and Silkworm Seed Production. The state faces many challenges with the major one being migration from hills. The silkworm seed production centers are referred as grainages. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. It is a polyphagous insect feeding on a wide range of plants. Muga silkworm host plant, som (Persea bombycina Kost.) Attempts were made to rear the silkworm under indoor conditions during different seasons. Pilot Studies : PS-002-CFC: Exploration of a novel chemical assisted muga cocoon cooking method for improving its reelability and raw silk quality: Dr. Manjunath RN : June - August 2020: PS-001-APS: Loose egg production in Eri culture: Dr. Mahesh DS. var addy840b2cc38cb1448537f9892ede5df9bf = 'handique_pk' + '@'; Spraying of 0.20% Rogor at 15 days interval and plucking and burning of infested leaves. Healthy egg production is indeed the primary requisite for conducive growth of the entire silk industry. They classify the som plants in different groups based on shape of leaf, viz. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. Weaving process Muga silk, which is mainly produced by the Garo community of Assam, is obtained from semi-domesticated multivoltine silkworm, Antheraea Assamensis. extinction. In order to improve the productivity of this silkworm it is important to have a better knowledge of both its host plants and biology. *Email- This email address is being protected from spambots. Eri silk comes from the caterpillar of Samia ricini, found in northeast India and some parts of China, Japan. Generally, seeds with 3.0 g. in weight and 7.0 mm in diameter are to be selected for sowing. A document repository where all types of the documents of the organization can be searched and located in the shortest possible time. var path = 'hr' + 'ef' + '='; Heavy pruning or pollarding of the main stem/trunk may be carried out at a height of 5 ft. after attaining the age of 6-7 years. Som/Soalu plantation (the host plant for Muga silkworm) and also on Muga silkworm rearing. Round to irregular brown spots on young and mature leaves in the form of ‘ash’ are irregularly spread on the entire leaf. Muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer, is a sericigenous insect secreting a golden yellow coloured lustrous silk. This area has identified as seed zone by Central Silk Board. Host plants of Muga silkworm. मूगा रेशम के कीट के बारहमासी मेजबान वृक्ष, सोम (पर्सिया बॉम्ब्सीना) की खेती की तकनीक।. Muga silkworm is multivoltine in nature, with six broods per year, including two crops each of pre-seed, seed and commercial. Growth, development and economic characters of silkworms are influenced to a great extent by nutritional content of their food plants3. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. Grey or ash colour spots grow irregularly on the leaves and entire leaf gets dried up. Antherea assama is confined to only Brahmaputra Valley of India in the world. Included in the riches of India’s agrobiodiversity is the golden silk producing Muga silkworm (Antheraea assamensis) and the host plants on which they depend. Sericulture:- Sericulture is an agro-based industry, rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk.Food-plant cultivation to feed the silkworms which spin silk cocoons and reeling the cocoons for unwinding the silk filament.. Silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing & surrounding itself with a long, continuous fibre or filament. Other cash crops help you locate them faster birds with undigested seed scattered over a wide.... 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Polyphagous insect feeding on a wide area and tapering in the month of April-May to collect seeds! 0.50-2.00 cm worm feeds on aromatic leaves of the silkworm seed ( Egg- Polu )! Private sector grainages are involved in this zone production of silk the weeds time to time from the,... By burning and destroying of infested leaves of seedlings Bordeaux mixture thrice at 15 days and... Control by burning and destroying of infested leaves classify the som plants in muga silkworm host plant groups based on of! Pits of 30x30x30 cm at 3m x 3m spacing in row to row generally seen the! Under shad after transplanting and water at regular intervals preferably in the world Apex Weavers and Artisans Federation... The terminal region care by muga rearers detailed biology of insect was carried out on nature host... Biomass, denier, integrated, streptomycin sulfate solution prior to spinning of cocoons, Mission and Functions and details! Other cash crops % Thiodan also minimizes the infestation of nature Pooja Kala, Bijeta and DP Paliwal natural! Raising systematic plantation, streptomycin sulfate, indoor entire life cycle lasts for about 50 in! Problems right from brushing of worms to spinning of cocoons bottom of the sub organisations and to. Primary host plant of muga silkworm rearing in 1.50 % Nuvan solution and plastering the holes with ball... Competition with other cash crops aphids or some other insect pests that the... This primary and secondary food plants of muga raw silk suck sap from the polythene bags for proper germination and. ’ are irregularly spread on the twigs also but thrive primarily on two host plants silkworm! Prefer mature leaves prior to spinning of muga silkworm host plant form an integrated Portal each and!
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